Components of Indian Culture
Culture is reflected through the various components which comprises, values, language, myths, customs, rituals and laws. These are briefly explained as follows:
Values are the beliefs and ideals shared by the people of a society, for which they have great respect and regard. They could assume both positive (do’s) and negative (dont’s) connotations,
and are indicative of appropriate thoughts, feelings and acts of behavior.
Man is a social animal and needs to communicate with others. Language is used as a means to communicate with people in a social set up. It is the common language that binds together the people in a social structure.
Myths are legendary folktales and stories that describe events and occurrences, and teach values
to society. They are imaginary and fictitious, and comprise characters that are gods, heroes and common men, ultimately aimed at giving lessons to the people, with respect to the causes and effects, good and bad, right and wrong, etc. Myths describe the values that members of a social structure should share.
Customs are habitual practices that formulate the established way of doing things and reflect culturally accepted patterns of behavior. They reflect practices that have permanent continuance and are so long established that they have the force of law; in other words they are conventions. People in a social system follow such practices collectively, and the habitual activity gets transmitted from one generation to another.
Rituals are prescribed processes and procedures for conduct of religious or social rites. They are established rites, ceremonies and proceedings that are symbolic in nature. Rituals are collective in nature, comprising many patterns of behavior that are interdependent to each other.
Laws are principles, rules and regulations that are formulated/sanctioned by an authority (ruler,
government, constitution etc.), and supported/protected by judicial authority. Their basis can
actually be found in the society’s values, customs, and rituals. Laws are universally applicable across people in a society/country. They are written collection of rules and regulations to be adhered to by the people, and non-adherence to which would lead to legal action from the judiciary.