Meaning of Time Table:
A time table is a detailed plan showing the schedule of time allotment to various subjects and activities.Usually,time table is prepaid for a week, to be repeated.All the work in school is carried out systematically in tune with the time table.The successful working of a school depends on a suitable time table. Hence time table is said to be second school clock.
1. NEED FOR A TIME TABLE:
A time table is necessary for the proper management of the affairs of a school. Through this, the head master knows the work every class and every teacher. The time table will help him in carrying out the work of the school effectively.
2. IMPORTANCE OF TIME TABLE:
i) It ensures orderly work.It assigns proper persons for particular classes during appropriate periods in a proper manner.
ii) It saves the time and energy of teachers and pupils by preventing duplication and overlapping.
iii) It ensure right allocation of time for different subjects and activities by giving proper weightage according to needs.
iv) It ensures proper distribution of work among teachers.
v) It indicates habits of orderliness, steadiness, regularity and alertness among pupils and teachers.
vi) It help to maintain discipline and order.
3. CONTENT OF TIME TABLE:
i) Time of beginning and ending of the school days.
ii) Time of beginning and ending of each period.
iii) Subjects and activities assigned a specific period.
iv) Days on which and time during which each subjects and each activity is to be handled.
v) Name of the teacher engaging each subjects and each activity during the respective period.
vi) Name of the teacher in charge of each division of each period.
vii) Room in which each class meets.
viii) Details regarding the recess periods.
TYPES OF TIMETABLE
There are three types of time table
i) CLASS TIME TABLE:-
This is meant for the classes.this will show the distribution of subjects. There should be a general time table showing classwise distribution of subjects.
ii) TEACHERS TIME TABLE:-
Every teacher should have a copy of his time table of his work. This time table will show the class in which he is to teach in a particular period.
iii) MASTER TIME TABLE:-
This is the consolidated time table for the whole school. This will give a complete picture of the work of a school. It should be available with the head master.
In addition to the above it is better to prepare and maintain separate time table such as:-
i) Teachers leisure time table
ii) Activities time table
iii) Room time table
iv) Home work time table etc.
PRINCIPLES OF TIME TABLE CONSTRUCTION
Time table gives a clear vision and comprehensive picture of school activities i.e,what work is being done during which period, where by whom and when. The following principles have to be kept in mind during preparation of a good time table.
1. TYPE OF SCHOOL
We see firstly whether the school is girls/boys oriented or co educational, rural, or urban, secondary or senior secondary. We determine the nature of activities involved in the school is to be taken in to consideration while framing the time table.
2. AMOUNT OF TIME AVAILABLE
Time table is framed keeping in view available time i.e., the length of the school year and total number of holidays.
3. DEPARTMENT REGULATION
The state department of education fixes length of the school year, and its terms i.e., when an academic year starts and when its ends, the duration of the school day and even the number of periods for each subjects.
4. PRINCIPLE OF JUSTICE.
While assigning work, special care has to be taken that.
A). Each teacher is assigned those subject who he/she feels his/her best qualified to teach
B). He/she does not teach in more than two departments
C). Teaching load for every teacher is about equal to that of others
5. RELATIVE IMPORTANCE AND DIFFICULTY VALUE OF SUBJECTS
The time dedicated to a subject should be at per the importance of it and its difficulty value .there are certain socio- economic consideration that determine the importance of a subject in the school curriculum and accordingly time is allotted to them in the time table.
6. INCIDENCE OF FATIGUE
The elements of fatigue influence the construction of school time table a number of ways. Children are fatigued at certain periods of certain days. it is not only physical but also physiological in nature. it result in a definite weakening of attention and diminishing interest and effects of learning.
7. PRINCIPLES OF VARIETY
It has been seen experimentally that change of room seat and posture usually is an antidote against weakness. it is applied on both students and teachers variety can be introduced in the following manners
A) No subject expect science practical should be kept far two consecutive periods.
B) The same class should not set in the same room far the whole day.
C) The same teacher should not have two consecutive periods in the same class.
D) If subject is taught only 2/3 time a week, period should follow at intervals.
E) The physical training periods, science practical and drawing work follow a change.
8. FREE PERIODS FOR TEACHERS.
We should provide free periods for teachers so as to increase their efficiency and also to provide time for their correction work.
9. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY AND RECREATION
Careful attention needs to be given to provide fir rest and recreation and provision for various co-curricular activities should also be made in the time table, to avoid monotony
10. MAXIMUM UTILISATION OF RESOURCES
The qualification, experience, room size should always kept in mind. so as to make the maximum use of all the resources and avoided wastage or under utilisation of resources.
The time table should have a flexibility so as to work the teachers smoothly.