Measures of achieving National Integration in India:
1. Provisions in the Constitution of India:
The Indian Constitution has made provisions for promoting and ensuring national integration. It has accepted socialism, secularism, democracy, liberty, equality,
justice and fraternity as the goals of Indian political system. Citizens have been empowered with fundamental rights and their fundamental duties have also been prescribed. The Directive Principles of State Policy directs the State to promote
equitable economic development, eliminate social discrimination, and promotion of international peace and security. And above all, the provisions related to various institutions and processes have been geared towards national integration.
2. The initiatives taken by the Government:
The governments have also been making efforts to promote national integration. A National Integration Council has been set up to consider issues related to national and Integration and recommend suitable measures to be taken.
3. Observance of National Festivals and respect to National Symbols:
National festivals also act as an important unifying force like the observance of Independence Day, Republic Day, and Gandhi Jayanti etc. are celebrated taking the bond of unity in the country. These festivals are celebrated by all Indians and
in all parts of the country, regardless of language, religion or culture. We also observe the National Integration Day on 19 November every year and take a vow. This day is also known as “Qaumi Ekta Divas”. Moreover, our National Symbols like the National Flag, the National Anthem, and the National Emblem also help to
remind us that we all have one identity. For this reason we stress on the importance of presentation proper respect to these symbols.
4. Provision of All India Services and Other Factors:
The constitution of Idia under Article 312 provides for All India Services. In
addition, the All Indian Services like IAS, IFS, IPS and others, unified judicial system, postal and communications networks; including radio and television, and
the internet promote the unity and integrity of the Indian nation. However, the members of the All India Services are recruited by the central government, but they
work in different states of the country.
5. Eradication of Terrorism from our motherland:
Terrorism is a great threat to the process of nation building. Therefore it is the first and foremost responsibility of each and every country is to eradicate terrorism form the soil of the country. India is also not in the exception. India cannot be
allowed to be perceived as a soft state. It must take very strong military and
diplomatic steps to counter terrorist acts by applying different measures.
6. Checking regionalism and separatism within the Nation:
The government must take strong steps towards regionalism and separatism for promoting National Integration. The central government must check regionalism and separatism with an iron hand. The government should never surrender to regional pressures, particular when they are in the form of violence and intimidation.
7. Suppression of Linguistic fanaticism:
Linguistic fanaticism should be suppressed but each and every language must be respected. One of the best ways to check linguistic fanaticism is by promoting our
common national language-hindi-to inculcates a sense of unity. A nation which has no language of its own is no nation and it can never achieve integration in any real sense. Gone are the days of violent opposition to Hindi in certain parts of the
country. Even the people of Tamil nadu have slowly started accepting the eminent position of Hindi as our inational language. We must bind the country together by popularizing Hindi along with the regional language of a state. Both have to be
supplementary to each other and not at the expense of the other.
8. Role of Mass Media for the promotion of National Integration:
Mass medis plays a vital role in promoting the national integration of a country. It is also known as the fourth pillar of democracy. The battle of national integration is to
be waged in the minds of all. All media of mass communication, such as newpapers, radio and television must be utilized for promoting national unity and integrity.
9. Welfare of the minority communities:
There should be a positive change in the attitude of the majority community towards the minorities. It should be done to bring the minorities to the main stream of the
nation. The Students of minority communities should be offered equal opportunities for all jobs and services.
10. Destroy the menace of the caste system:
Caste system is a major hinderance in the way of National integration from ancient time. Indian nationalism must fight the destructive caste system from its roots. It is the prime responsibility of the Indians to destroy the menace of the caste system from our society and from the minds of Indians. It has created artificial social barriers, which have no place in an equitable society.
11. Social integration:
Social integration should be encouraged to bring about national integration. The constitutional strategy to promote fraternity is helpful to attain social integration.
The different social groups are tied together in a bond of cohesiveness that can be achieved by treating all of them as equal.
12. Equal Distribution of national income:
There can never be a sense of unity or fellow feeling in a country where there are huge inequalities in the distribution of national income and wealth. The best way to achieve national integration is to mobilize all the resource for rapid economic
13. Prevent communal and sectarian outlook:
A nation must stop communal and sectarian outlook to its entire people. They should consider themselves as Indians only. There should be an Indian outlook. All should be binded by the emotional and psychological thread of integration. National
integration depends on the indianization of the educated masses and elimination of provincial loyalties. It also depends upon the firm establishment of social justice and reconstruction of the nation.
14. Recognition of wide range of groups rather then setting only developed ones.
15. Recognition of Inter-group relation as a matter for all.
16. Development of a uniform model code of conduct capable of motivating and directing social relations.
17. Promotion of faith and integrity and moral worth of the Individuals.
18. Encouragement of voluantary organization across the country.
19. There should be national conference for emotional integration and promotion of neighbourhood groups and cooperates.
20. Development of Uniform Civil Code.
21. There should be a promotion of nongovernment social service.