Forms of Women Empowerment:
Women empowerment means women gaining more power and control over their own lives. The empowerment of women and the improvement of their political, social, economic and health status is a highly important and in itself. In additional, it is essential for the achievement of sustainable development. If it is to be elucidated beyond the two self explanatory words, ‘Women Empowerment’ refers to complete emancipation of women from socio-economic shackles of dependency and deprivations. Women empowerment needs to take a high speed in this country to equalize the value of both genders. To bring empowerment really every woman needs to be aware about her rights from her own end. There are
different types of women empowerment. These are given below –
Economic empowerment:- Economic empowerment increases women’s access to economic resources and
opportunities including jobs, financial service, property and other productive assets, skills development and market information. Women’s economic empowerment is a perquisite for sustainable development.
Political empowerment:- Establishing mechanisms for women’s equal participations and equitable
represent action at all levels of the political process and public life in each community and society and
enabling women to articulate their concerns and needs and ensure the full and equal participation of women in decision-making process in all spheres of life. Women’s reservation Bill or the Constitution (108th Amendment) Bill, is a pending Bill in India which propose to reserve 33% of all seats in the Lok Sabha, the Lower House of Parliament of India, and state legislative assemblies. This Bill has been passed by the Rajya Sabha, the Upper House of the Parliament in march 2010. It needs to be passed by the Lok Sabha and at
least 50% of all state legislative assemblies, before it is put before the president of India for his approval. In
India, reform movements before and after independence has helped women to gain some power in politics
also. They were among the foremost to take active part in politics.
Educational empowerment:- Education is considered one of the most important means to empower
women with the knowledge, skills and self-confidence necessary to participate fully in development process. Education is a key factor for women empowerment prosperity, development and welfare.Women education in India plays a very important role in the overall development of the country. Education is a potent tool in the emancipation and empowerment of women. Education is considered as a milestone for women empowerment because it enables them to respond to the challenges, to confront their traditional role and change their lives.
Social empowerment:- Social empowerment it is a process to change the distribution of power in
interpersonal relations among different people, cultures, activities of the society. Social empowerment
refers to the enabling force that strengthens women’s social relations and their position in social structures.
Social empowerment addresses the social discriminations existing in the society based on disability, race,
ethnicity, religion or gender.
Health empowerment– Women’s health and safety is another important area. The empowerment of
women begins with a guarantee of their health and safety. The health concerns of women are paramount for the wellbeing of a country, and are important factors in gauging the empowerment of women in a country.
The government of India is aware of the health status of women in the country. The National Health policy
2002 pays scant attention to the health of women, which is considered the ambit of the National Population
Policy 2000. Maintaining and expanding education for women and girls will play a critical role in driving
continued improvement in female health outcomes. In many poor countries, HIV/AIDS is the leading killer of women of reproductive age. Better educated women and girls are more likely to us contraception, which helps them avoid diseases, and to delay childbirth. However there are alarming concerns where maternal
health care is concerned.
Psychological empowerment– The psychological component, on the other hand, would include the development of feelings that women can act upon to improve their condition. This means formation of the belief that they can success in change efforts.
Legal empowerment– Make them aware of the civil rights, exercising the legal rights whenever necessary,
preparing and canvassing the documents regarding the legal freedom for women, providing good literacy programs regarding the legal empowerment.
In future women empowerment should be there from all dimensions. If there is no woman empowerment, national development is never possible. Therefore, women empowerment is essential for the development of family, society and above all nation.