Types of Kinship:
Kinship is of two types:
1. Affinal Kinship: The bond of marriage is called affinal kinship. When a person marries, he establishes relationship not only with the girl whom he marries but also with a number of other people in the girl’s family. Moreover, it is not only the person marrying who gets
bound to the family members of the girl but his family members also get bound to the family members of the girl. Thus, a host of relations are created as soon as a marriage
takes place. For example, after marriage a person becomes not only a husband, but he also becomes brother-in-law and son-in-law. Here it may be noted that in English language a number of relations created by marriage are referred by the same term.
Thus, the same term ‘brother-in-law’ is used for sala, jija etc. On marriage, a person also becomes foofa, nandoi and mausa. Likewise, a girl on marriage becomes not only a wife but also becomes daughter-in-law; she also becomes chichi, bhabhi, devrani, jethani, mami etc. Thus, marriage creates a host of relationships which are called affinal kin.
2. Consanguineous Kinship: The bond of blood is called consanguineous kinship. The consanguineous kin are related through blood whereas the affinal kin are related through marriage. The bond between parents and their children and that between siblings is
consanguineous kinship. Siblings are consanguineous kinship. Siblings are the children of the same parents. Thus, son, brother, sister, uncle, elder uncle, nephew and cousin are
consanguineous kin i.e. related through blood. In this connection, it may be pointed out that blood relationship may be actual as well as supposed. Among polyandrous tribes theactual father of a child is unknown. An adopted child is treated as if it were one’s own biologically produced child. Thus, blood relationship may be established not only on biological basis but also on the basis of social recognition.